Submitted by: Elaine Hendricks, From THE TALLAPOOSA TIMES, Thursday Morning February 28, 1861 INAUGURAL ADDRESS OF PRESIDENT DAVIS, Delivered at the Capitol Monday, 1:00 p.m., February 18th, 1861 Gentlemen of the Congress of the Confederate States of America; Fellow citizens: Called to the difficult and responsible station of Chief Executive of the Provisional Government which you have instituted, I approach the discharge of the duties assigned to me with an humble distrust of my abilities, but with a sustaining confidence in the wisdom of those who are to guide and to aid me in the administration of public affairs, and an abiding faith in the virtue and patriotism of the people. Looking forward to the speedy establishment of a permanent Government to take the place of this, and which by its greater moral and physical power will be better able to combat with the many difficulties which arise from the conflicting interests of separate nations, I enter upon the duties of the office, to which I have been chosen, with the hope that the beginning of our career, as a Confederacy, may not be obstructed by hostile opposition to our enjoyment of the separate existence and independence which we have asserted, and with the blessing of Providence, intend to maintain. Our present condition, achieved in a manner unprecedented in the history of nations, illustrates the American idea that Governments rest upon the consent of the governed, and that it is the right of the people to alter or abolish Governments whenever they become destructive of the ends for which they were established. The declared purpose of the compact of Union from which we have withdrawn, was "to establish justice, ensure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity," and when, in the judgement of the sovereign states now composing this Confederacy, it had been perverted from the purpose for which it was ordered, and had ceased to answer the ends for which it was established, a peaceful appeal to the ballot-box declared. That so far as they were concerned, the government created by that compact should cease to exists. In this they merely asserted a right which the Declaration of Independence of 1776, had defined to be inalienable; of the time and occasion for its exercise, they, as sovereigns, were the final judges, each for itself. The impartial and enlightened verdict of mankind will vindicate the rectitude of our conduct, and He who knows the hearts of men will judge of the sincerity with which we labored to preserve the government of our fathers in its spirit. The right solemnly proclaimed at the birth of the States, and which has been affirmed and re-affirmed in the Bill of Rights of States subsequently admitted into the Union of 1789, undeniably recognize, in the people, the power to resume the authority delegated for the purpose of government. Thus the Sovereign States here represented proceeded to form this Confederacy, and it is by abuse of language that their act has been denominated a revolution. They formed a new alliance, but within each State its government has remained; the rights of person and property have not been disturbed. The agent through whom they communicated with foreign nations is changed, but this does not necessarily interrupt their international relations. Sustained by the consciousness that the transition from the former Union to the present Confederacy has not proceeded from a disregard on our part of just obligations, or any failure to perform every constitutional duty - moved by no interest or passion to invade the rights of others - anxious to cultivate peace and commerce with all nations, if we may not hope to avoid war, we may at least expect that posterity will acquit us of having needlessly engaged in it. Doubly justified by the absence of wrong on our parts, and by wanton aggression on the part of others, there can be no cause to doubt that the courage and patriotism of the people of the Confederate States will be found equal to any measured of defence which honor and security may require. An agricultural people - whose chief interest is the export of a commodity required in every manufacturing county - our true policy is peace, and the freest trade which our necessities will permit. It is alike our interest, and that of all those to whom we would sell and from whom we would buy, that there should be the fewest practicable restrictions upon the interchange of commodities. There can be but little rivalry between ours and any manufacturing on navigation community, such as the North-Eastern States of the American Union. It must follow, therefore, that a mutual interest would invite good will and kind offices. If, however, passion or the lust of dominion should cloud the judgement or inflame the ambition of those States, we must prepare to meet the emergency and maintain by the final arbitrament of the sword, the position which we have assumed among the nations of the earth. We have entered upon the career of independence, and it must be inflexibly pursued. Through many years of controversy, with late associates, the Northern States, we have vainly endeavored to secure tranquility, and to obtain respect for the rights to which we entitled. As a necessity, not a choice, we have resorted to the remedy of separation; and henceforth, our energies must be directed to the conduct of our own affairs, and the perpetuity of the Confederacy which we have formed. If a just perception of a mutual interest shall permit us, peaceably, to pursue our separate political career my most earnest desire will have been fulfilled. But, if this be denied to us, and the integrity of our territory and jurisdiction be assailed, it will but remain for us with firm resolve, to appeal to arms and invoke the blessings of Providence on a just cause. As a consequence of our new condition, and with a view to meet anticipated wants, it will be necessary to provide for the speedy and efficient organization of branches of the Executive Department, having special charge of foreign intercourse, finance, military affairs, and the postal service. For purposes of defence, the Confederate States may, under ordinary circumstances, rely mainly upon their militia, but it is deemed advisable, in the present condition of affairs, that there should be a well instructed and disciplined army more numerous that would usually be required on a peace establishment. I also suggest that for the protection of our harbors and commerce on the high seas, a navy adapted to those objects will be required. These necessities have doubtless engaged the attention of Congress. With a Constitution differing only from that of our father in as far as it is explanatory of their well known intent, freed from the sectional conflict which have interfered with the pursuit of the general welfare, it is not unreasonable to expect that States from which we have recently parted may seek to unite their fortunes with ours under government which we have instituted. For this your constitution makes adequate provision; but beyond this if I mistake not the judgement and will of the people, a reunion with the States from which we have separated is neither practicable nor desirable. To increase the power, develop the resources, and promote the happiness of a Confederacy, it is requisite that there should be so much of homogeneity that the welfare of every portion shall be the aim of the whole. Where this does not exist, antagonisms are engendered which must and should result in separation. Actuated solely by the desire to preserve our own rights and promote our own welfare, the separation of the Confederate States has been marked by no aggression upon others, and followed by no domestic convulsion. Our industrial pursuits have received no check - the cultivation of our fields has progressed us heretofore - and even should we be involved in war, there would be no considerable diminution in the production of the staples which have constituted our exports, and in which the commercial world has an interest scarcely less than our own. This common interest of producer and consumer, can only be interrupted by an exterior force, which should obstruct its transmission to foreign markets - a course of conduct which would be as unjust towards us as it would be detrimental to manufacturing and commercial interests abroad. Should reason guide the action of the Government from which we have separated, a policy so detrimental to the civilized world, the Northern States included, could not be dictated by even the strangest desire to inflict injury upon us; but otherwise, a terrible responsibility will rest upon it, and the suffering of millions rest upon it, and the suffering of millions will bear testimony to the folly and wickedness of our aggressors. In the meantime, there will remain to us, besides the ordinary means before suggested the well known resources for retaliation upon the commerce of an enemy. Experience in public stations, of subordinate grade to this which your kindness has conferred, has taught me that care and toil, and disappointment, are the price of official elevation. You will see many errors to forgive, many deficiencies to tolerate, but you shall not find in me either a want of zeal or fidelity to the cause, that is to me highest in hope and of most enduring affection. Your generosity has bestowed upon me an undeserved distinction; one which I neither sought nor desired. Upon the continuance of that sentiment, and upon your wisdom and patriotism, I rely to direct and support me in the performance of the duty required at my hands. We have changed the constituent parts, but not the system of our government. The Constitution formed by our fathers is that of these Confederate States, in their exposition of it; and in the judicial construction it has received, we have a light which reveals its true meaning. Thus instructed as to the just interpretation of the instrument, and ever remembering that all offices are but trusts held for the people, and that delegated powers are to be strictly construed, I will hope, by due diligence in the performance of my duties, though I may disappoint your expectation, yet to retain, when retiring, something of the good will and confidence which welcome my entrance into office. It is joyous, in the midst of perilous times, to look around upon a people united in heart, where one purpose of high resolve animates and actuated the whole - where the sacrifices to be made are not weighed in the balance against honor, and right, and liberty and equality. Obstacles may retard, they cannot long prevent the progress of a movement sanctified by its justice and sustained by a virtuous people. Reverently let us invoke the God of our fathers to guide and protect us in our efforts to perpetuate the principles, which, by His blessing, they were able to vindicate, establish and transmit to their posterity, and with a continuance of His favor, ever gratefully acknowledged, we may, hopefully look forward to success, to peace, and to prosperity. ---------- From the Tallapoosa Times, Dadeville, Alabama, A. J. and A. H. Lowry publishers. Weekly, Thursdays. Rates $2.00 per year July 12, 1860 Election Notice: There will be held on the first Monday in August 1860, at the different precincts throughout Tallapoosa county, an election to elect a Tax Assessor for Tallapoosa county; also at the same time and places a special election for County Commissioners, whose tern of office will expire on the first Monday in August 1861, provided by an act of the Legislature of 1853/4; and the following persons are appointed and notified to act as Inspectors and Returning officers. PRECINCT NO. 1 R. T. Ashurst, Wm Gilmore, and Miles Wheeless. Inspectors, Baliff, Returning Officer. PRECINCT NO. 2 John R. Brooks, Wm. Redden, and Thomas McDaniel, Inspectors, Baliff, Returning Officer. PRECINCT NO. 3 John Brittain, John Morgan and Joel Dodson Inspectors, Baliff, Returning Officer. PRECINCT NO. 4 James Vaughan, Wm M. Minyard and Dan'l H. Slaton. Inspectors, Baliff, Returning Officer. PRECINCT NO. 5 Thomas G. W. Shannon, N. G. Williams, and A. R. Bickerstaff, Inspectors, Baliff, Returning Officer. PRECINCT NO. 6 Joseph Johnston, Jr. Joseph Knox and Saml. Gray, Inspectors, Baliff, Returning Officer. PRECINCT NO. 7 R. J. Plant, Hardy Hancock and John H. Childers, Inspectors, Baliff, Returning Officer. PRECINCT NO. 8 John Smith, Patrick Reel and Prior Reaves. Inspectors, Baliff, Returning Officer. PRECINCT NO. 9 R. G. Young, Jones Whatley and John D. Young, Jr., Inspectors, Baliff, Returning Officer. PRECINCT NO. 10 Hugh T. Hackney, E. L. Vardiman, and J. Dunn, Inspectors, Baliff, Returning Officer. PRECINCT NO. 11 A. J. Brooks, A. G. Peddy, and W. W. Gardner, Inspectors, Baliff, Returning Officer. PRECINCT NO. 12 David J. Smith, J. O. Davis and Simeon Orr, Inspectors, Baliff, Returning Officer. PRECINCT NO. 13 Isaac Rasbury, Thomas Moffit and Miles T. Berry, Inspectors, Baliff, Returning Officer. PRECINCT NO. 14 John Wheeless, J. M. Berry, and William A. Strickling, Inspectors, Baliff, Returning Officer. PRECINCT NO. 15 Hugh L. McManus, Samuel G. Adams and John T. Westbrooks, Inspectors, Baliff, Returning Officer. PRECINCT NO. 16 Gideou Rix, Brittain Conine and Bluford Gross, Inspectors, Baliff, Returning Officer. PRECINCT NO. 17 James M. Ray, James A. Allen and John Ray, Inspectors, Baliff, Returning Officer. Done by order of the Probate Judge. JAMES D. MEADOWS, Sheriff, June 28, 1860 Tallapoosa Times June 28, 1860 ADMINISTRATORS, NOTICE: Letters of Administrations upon the estate of Martha E. Patterson, having been granted to the undersigned, on the 1st day of June, 1860, by the Honorable Allen D. Sturdivant, Judge of the Probate Court of Tallapoosa County, notice is hereby given that all persons having claims against said estate, will be required to present the same within the time allowed by law, or they will be forever barred. JAMES W. HERREN, Administrator June 14, 1860 Married at the residence of the bride's mother, 24th instant by John Wheeless, Esqr. Mr. Thomas H. Knight to Miss Martha Jane Lake, all of this county. Letters of Administration upon the Estate of Susannah R. Jordon, having been granted to the undersigned on the 1st day of June 1860, by the Hon. A. D. Sturdivant Judge of the Probate Court of Tallapoosa County, notice is hereby given that all persons having claims against said estate will be required to present the same within the time prescribed by law, or the same will be barred. JAMES W. HERREN, Administrator June 14, 1860 Tallapoosa Times June 28, 1860 State of Alabama - Tallapoosa County, Probate Court, June 11, 1860 This day came Isaac W. Heard, guardian of Daniel W. Pearson, a Lunatic, and filed his account, vouchers and evidences for an annual settlement of his said guardianship; the same having been examined and found apparently correct, it is therefore, ordered by the court that the 9th day of July 1860, be appointed a day for hearing the same at which time all parties in interest can appear and contest the same, if they think proper. Allen D. Sturdivant, Judge of Probate, June 11, 1860 Estray Notice Taken up by William York, on the 22nd day of May 1860 and posted before John Smith, a Justice of the Peace, on the same day, a certain Bay horse Mule, appraised at twenty five dollars. Description - Bay color, with many white hairs on it and scars from gears, about 18 or 20 years old. Allen D. Sturdivant, Judge of Probate, June 14, 1860 Estray Notice Taken up by Jackson Arnold, and posted before Joseph Knox, a Justice of the Peace, on the 15th day of May, 1860, a bay poney, mare, about seven years old, left eye weak, and appraised to be worth sixty five dollars. Allen D. Sturdivant, Judge of Probate, May 31, 1860 Administrator's Notice William Simpson, Deceased, Estate of Letters of Administration with the will annexed of said decedent having been granted to the undersigned on the 11th day of May 1860 by the Hon. A. D. Sturdivant, Judge of the Probate Court of Tallapoosa County, notice is hereby given that all persons having claims against said estate will be required to present the same within the time prescribed by law or they will be barred. M. D. Stone, Administrator, May 17, 1860 State of Alabama, Tallapoosa County Probate Court, June 4, 1860 Barton H. Thrasher, deceased, Estate of This day came James D. Meadows, Administrator of said estate and filed his application in due form and under oath praying for an order of sale of certain lands described therein and belonging to said estate, upon the ground that the personal property is insufficient for that purpose. It is ordered that the 23rd day of July 1860 be appointed a day for hearing such application at which time all parties of interest can appear and contest the same if they think proper. Allen D. Sturdivant, Judge of Probate, June 7, 1860 Letters of Administration, June 4th, William Allen Jr., Deceased, Estate of filed by James D. Meadows, Administrator. Ezekial Taylor, deceased, Administrative Notice, Letters of Administration filed by A. A. Dent, Administrator, May 10, 1860. Daniel D. Tichner, Executor of Estate of Marianna Tichner, filed application for the estate May 7, 1860. Tallapoosa Times July 5, 1860 Administrator's Notice, Estate of Henry P. David, Enoch F. Pearson, Administrator, July 5, 1860 Obituary Notice Francis Maxwell son of Dr. Wm and Elmira S. Mitchell died in Dadeville on the 12th instant of Obstruction of the Stomach and Bowels, age 23 years. Tallapoosa Times July 26, 1860 State of Alabama, Tallapoosa County, Probate Court, July 18, 1860 This day came Seaborne J. Thomas, guardian of Wm. M. Sarah F. and James A. Gamble, minors and filed his accounts, vouchers, evidences and statements for an annual settlement. Administrator's Sale Estate of Ruth Black, will, application to sell all rights and claims to land. J. D. Meadows, Administrator Tallapoosa Times August 2, 1860 Administrator Notice, Letters of Administration with will annexed, Estate of Narcissa Jane Burks. Allen Kimble, Administrator This day came Lydia Heard Executrix of the last will and testament of Elias J. Heard, deceased, and filed her accounts. State of Alabama Tallapoosa County Court of Probate, Special Term, 27 June 1860 Tallapoosa Times September 6, 1860 Stewart - Crow, Married at the residence of Samuel Swent, by John Wheeless, Esqr. on the 28th day of August 1860 Mr. John W. Stewart to Miss Elizabeth Crow, all of Tallapoosa County. Tallapoosa Times January 24, 1861 Coroner's Sale Will be sold in the Town of Dadeville Alabama between the legal hours of sale on the first Monday in February 1861 all the liquors belonging to J. W. Devane, on account of the Liquor leaking, and wasting, for the benefit of both creditor and owner. Tallapoosa Times January 31, 1861 Death of an old Citizen It is with no ordinary feeling of regret that we chronicle the death of our old and much esteemed friend and fellow townsman, Hon. Leroy Gresham. We have known him long and well, he was kind, courteous, and benevolent. He was buried with Masonic honors on Tuesday evening last. From the Dadeville Banner, Dadeville, Alabama, G. C. Alford & Co. Proprietors Thursday, April 4, 1861 Announcement We are authorized to announce the name of William J. Carlisle of Lafayette, as a candidate for Brigadier General of the 17th Brigade of the 8th Division Alabama Malitia. Mr. Carlisle is a member of the Lafayette rifle guard and is now serving in Pensacola for the Southern Confederacy. Administrator's Notice Letters of Administration on the Estate of Azariah Doss, deceased, having been granted to the undersigned on the 26th day of March 1861, by the Probate Judge of Tallapoosa County. H. H. Doss Administrator, April 4, 1860
Dadveille Banner, April 25, 1861 Announcement The friends of Col. Charles Stone announce him a candidate for Brigidier General of the 17th Brigade 8th Division, Alabama Militia. Election first Monday in May, next. Military Notice We are authorized to announce the following gentlemen as candidates to fill military stations to witt: For Major General of the 8th Division - Col. John M. Smith, for Brigidier General of the 17th Brigade, 8th Division - Col. Wilson R. Berry, and for Colonel of the 67th Regiment 17th Brigade 8th Division of Alabama, - John A. Vaughn, Esqr. H. M. and S. and Many Citizens Dadeville Banner May 2, 1861 Warning As my wife, Frances E. Ballard has left my bed and board without my consent, I hereby forewarn all persons from crediting her on my account, as I shall not pay any debts contracted by her unless compelled by law. William J. Ballard May 2, 1861 Dadeville Banner June 28, 1861 Religious Notice Rev. John C. Burruss, editor of the Universalist Herald, Montgomery, Alabama, will preach at Camp Hill on the 4th Sunday in June at 11 o'clock a. m. Citizens generally are respectfully invited to attend. Our Candidates for President Jefferson Davis of Mississippi For Vice President, A. H. Stephens, of Georgia For Congress, David Clopton of Macon The Dadeville Banner, June 28, 1861 Marriage Married on the 16th day of June 1861 at the residence of the brides mother by John Wheeless, Justice of the Peace, Irvin L. Ray to Miss Sara E. Patterson. Obituary Died on the night of the 22nd at Pensacola, Fla. Mr. I N Lindsey, of this place, who was a private in the volunteer company of Capt Meadows, now stationed at that point. Mr. Lindsey was a young man, in the vigor of youth, and was able and willing when he enlisted in his country's cause to serve her with a strong arm and dauntless heart. We regret that a brave man as he should have fallen victim to the implacable enemy; death; without an opportunity to strike one blow in the cause which he had espoused. In his death, his country has lost a valiant defender; his friends a true and tried companion, whose place cannot be filled. It is said of him, by those who know him better than us, "that to know him well, was to love him, and those who knew him well, loved him most". We sympathize with his friends and relations for their loss. A Friend From the Dadeville Banner, Dadeville, Alabama. Brocks and McDonald proprietors August 2, 1861 Military Notice Dr. C. S. Reeves is still filling up the ranks of his Calvary Company, with the view to enter the Campaign about the first of September next. A few more will be received to fill out the company. Regular drill every other Saturday at the house of Mr. Reynolds, 5 miles North of Notasulga. Next drill on Saturday 13th, instant. Ladies and Gentlemen respectfully invited to attend and witness our performances. July 8th 1861 Dadeville Banner August 2, 1861 I wish to raise a Company of Guerrilla Volunteers to go into service immediately. I have assurances from Gov. Moor that we will be received as soon as sufficient number joins my company. No one need join who does not wish to go. I mean to fight and do not intend to deceive or be deceived. All who join will be sure to go. James M. Russell July 21st 1861 Dadeville Banner October 4, 1861 The Horse Shoe Rangers The undersigned are now raising an infantry company under the above name, to serve for twelve months and to join some Regiment as soon as its numbers are complete. We have every assurances that our service will be accepted as soon as we are ready to march. The officers of the company will be elected as soon as we have the requisite number enrolled, and by enlisting early, all will have a chance to choose their own officers. Daniel Taylor O. W. Lockett J. B. McDonald W. D. Stone Dadeville Banner October 4, 1861 Off For The War Dadeville, Alabama August 7, 1861 I hereby constitute and appoint my father, John Rowe, my Agent. He will collect all debts due me; pay my indebtedness; sell my house and lot in the town of Dadeville, and transact all business he thinks will be to my interest during my absence in the War. W. L. Rowe Off For Pensacola My professional business will be left in the hands of Messrs. Oliver and Garrett and Brooks and McDonald. My other business will be left in the hand of my father, James Vaughan, who will be authorized to settle up the same. John A. Vaughan June 17, 1861 From The Dadeville Banner, Brooks and McDonald, Proprietors, "Independent Now and Forever" August 2, 1861 No author noted. THE GREAT BATTLE "We make the following extracts from our exchanges in regard to the recent battle near Manassas Junction:" "Gen. Johnston had arrived the preceding day with about half of the force he had detailed from Winchester, and was the senior officer in command. He magnaminously insisted however, that gen. Beauregard's previous plans sho'd be carried out, and he was guided entirely by the judgement and superior local knowledge of the latter. While therefore, Gen. Johnston, was nominally in command, Beauregard was really the officer and hero of the day. You will be glad to learn that he was this day advanced from a brigadier to the rank of a full general. But to the battle." "At half past six in the morning, the enemy opened fire from a battery planted on a hill beyond Bull's Run, and nearly opposite the centre of our lines. The battery was intended merely to "beat the bush," and to occupy our attention while he moved a heavy column towards the Stone Bridge, over the same creek upon our left. At 10 o'clock annother battery was pushed forward and opened fire a short distance to the left of the other and near the road leading north Centreville. This as a battery of rifled guns and the object of its fire was the same as that of the other. They fired promiscuously into the woods and gorges on this, the Southern, side of Bull's Run, seeking to create the impression thereby that our centre would be attacked, and thus prevent us from sending reinforcements to our left, where the real attack was to be made. Beauregard was not deceived by the maneuver." "The artillery were the first to open fire precisely at 11 o'clock. - By 11 1/2 o'clock, the infantry had engaged, and there it was that the battle began to rage. The dusky columns which had thus far marked the approach of the two armies now mingled with great clouds of smoke as it rose from the flashing guns below, and the two together shot upwards like a huge pyramid of red and blue. The shock was tremendous, as were the odds between the two forces. - With what anxious hearts did we watch that pyramid of smoke and dust! When it moved to the right, we knew the enemy was giving way; and when it moved to the left, we knew that our friends were receding. - Twice the pyramid moved to the right, and as often returned. About two o'clock, it began to move slowly to the left, and thus it continued to move for two mortal hours. The enemy was seeking to turn our left flank and to reach the leading fence in the direction of Winchester. To do this, he extended his lines, which he was enabled to do by reason of his great numbers. This was unfortunate for us, as it required a corresponding extension of our own lines to prevent his extreme right from out-flanking us, - a movement on our part which weakened the force of our resistance along the whole line of battle which finally extended over a space of two miles. It also rendered it the more difficult for us to bring up reinforcements, as the further the enemy extended his right, the greater the distance our reserve forces had to travel to counteract the movement." "It might not be amiss to say, that Bull's Run or Creek is north of this place and runs nearly due east, slightly curving around the Junction, the nearest part of which is about 3 1/2 miles. The Stone Bridge is some seven miles distant, in a northwesterly direction, upon which our left wing rested. Mitchell's ford is directly north, and distant 4 miles by the road leading to Centreville, which is seven miles from the Junction. On our right is Union Mills, on the same stream where the Alexandria and Manassas railroad crosses the Run, and distant 4 miles. Preceding from Fairfax Court House by Centreville to Stone Bridge, the enemy passed in front of our entire line, but as a distance varying from 5 to 2 miles." "The forces engaged on our side consisted of about 18,000. We are unable to say what particular regiments composed this force. - The Regiments that participated most prominently in the engagement were as follows: The 7th and 8th Georgia, 4th Alabama, 4th, 17th, 19th and 28th Virginia. - South Carolina had seven Regiments in the field and engaged during the day, to whit: Hampton's Legion, the 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 7th and Col. Jenkin's Regiment, the other Regiment is not known. Louisanna was well represented. Her New Orleans Washington Artillery covered themselves with glory, and aided more, perhaps, than any others in gaining the victory. Others were engaged, but we have been unable to obtain their names from any of the dispatches. We will publish them as soon as we are able." "At the time the 4th entered the field, Sherman's battery had been placed in a commanding position upon a height, and was sweeping the plain in every direction, making sad havoc in our ranks. It was so placed that it swept across the Centreville road, had an enfilade fire down a lane leading into it towards Manassas, and was within good range of more than five thousand of our men. The Brooklyn Zouaves, a portion of Ellsworth's Zouaves, and two other regiments from New York, were in the immediate vicinity of this battery, kept up a fire of musketry upon those within distance. - The 4th were ordered to silence the battery and in the face of fearful odds, and under a murderous fire, they charged bravely up the hill, almost into the jaws of death, towards the heavy guns that were cutting them down continually. - Upon their approach, the enemy fell back a little, but immediately rallied and drove the 4th again down the hill, all the time dropping them with grape and bombs. They were entirely unsupported and fighting against numbers of more than five to one. Soon after this, Hampton's legion came up and silenced a battery of four guns a short distance away from Sherman's. The Georgians came up on the right, the Virginia in the center and all together took the battery, killing hundreds of the enemy, who stood their ground with a heroism worthy in better cause. What regiment first raised their flag upon the hill, I am unable to say, but it is certain that to no one regiment or battalion belongs the entire honor of the capture. As I have previously said, the 4th suffered severely, although the loss will fall far short of the first estimate. I presume not more than forty or forty-five were killed outright, and the wounded are on a fair road to recovery, few of the wounds being of a serious character. Col. Jones was wounded, but will recover; Lieutenant Colonel Law was wounded, but not severely; Major Scott was also wounded, but is much better today. The other injured are being cared for, and are as well as could be expected. The uninjured are a enthusiastic and patriotic as ever and to-night moved forward with a loud cheering and in perfect good spirits." "The amount of killed and wounded is so uncertain we do not feel warranted in giving the number. There were many killed and wounded on both sides. Our loss in officers was unusually large. Gen. Bre, Cols. Bartow, Johnson and many other prominent officers are among the number killed. Gen. Smith of Florida, Col. Hampton, of Hampton's Legion and Col. Jones of 4th Ala. Regiment are only wounded and not killed as first stated." ---------- (Editors note: The Battle at Manassas Junction is more commonly known as the First Battle of Bull Run. It was fought on July 21, 1861, and was the first major encounter of the Civil War.) "It was fought near Bull Run, a creek in Virginia about 30 miles southwest of Washington, D. C. The Confederate army under Generals P. G. T. Beauregard and Joseph E. Johnston lay near the town of Manassas in position to defend Richmond. The Federal troops under General Irvin McDowell advanced to attack them." "Both armies were small and inexperienced. With the Federal army were many spectators who expected to see their troops win an easy victory. But the Northern forces soon began to fall back and the retreat turned into a rout. This quick victory bolstered the South's confidence and awakened the North to its need for a large army of well trained troops." (New Standard Encyclopedia, Chicago.) From The Dadeville Banner, Brooks and McDonald, Proprietors. "Independent Now and Forever" August 2, 1861 HILLABEE TRUE BLUES The following is a list of the officers and men of the above named company, which camped in our town on the 25th inst., en route for Auburn, Ala., where they will remain until a Regiment is formed: Henry Brooks, Capt. John L. Craig, 1st Lieut. R. A. McCord, 2d. J. M. W. Bell, 3rd. John Terrell, 1st Sergeant. Silas R. Hecks, 2d. Jas. M. Gardner 3d. T. J. Dillard, 4th. James Holland, 1st Corporal, W. P. Hancock, 2d. H. W. Brooks, 3rd. S. M. Hancock, 4th. Wm Parks, J P Craw, Hiram Nelson, J W Andrews, J H Holdridge, M D Yates, G W Smith, W J Thompson, John B. Barr, N M H Jarvis, T D Shaddox, J J B Beckett, John W. Smith, Jas M Hawk, Thos J Lee, Saml P Dillard, Wm M Adair, John H Dillard, W J T Jarvis, Robt W. Craig, Jacob H. Wolf, W L Shaw, W R McWhorton, Sam Graves, D C Craddock, B P Hammock, G W Blair, W P Hancock, J C Young, C F Shaw, G T Crowder, S J Dillard, J H Wolf, A S Osburn, W G Hammock, J C Bradly, W. J Saffold, S W Channell, Rice Henderson, M H Gamble, W H Thomas, Jas M Kembrough, H W Baker, M G Gardner, W D Collins, Frederick Wommock, W C P Teel, T M Dean, James Baker, Jas Pike, Eli Baker, Wm Garrett, J M Amason, Jas M Shaw, John B Mann, E W Black, Jas M Partridge, J H Taylor, R H Cain, W A Bailey, A J Reynolds, David Smith, John Clayton, W T Patterson, W H Green, R M Jones, W G Wolf, Thomas B. Smith, J F Mezzels, B A Thomas, Oren Allen, Joel Furgason, Isaac Shaddox, W S Coza, Peter A Crofford, Alva A Wolf, Jas A Gauf, U B Belangela, Jas W Holdridge, J M Beckett, John L Bailey, Robt D Wright, Leroy Alexander, Wm Lindsey, John M Phillips, John Baker, Marcus M Jones, John E. Smith, A J Barnes, B F Lindsey, Joseph Lindsey, Samuel Barnes. ---------- (Note: All of the preceding news items were taken from the microfilmed newspaper collection at Auburn University Library. They all are on one roll of film, titled: Tallapoosa Times (Newspaper Collection) Scattered Issues, 1860-61.)
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